Resources for Politics Courses

William Miller

Marymount University

This site contains information—syllabi, web links, and supplementary memos—on the politics courses that I teach. Please check the "Announcements and Assignments" section below each weekend for next week's assignments, for any changes in the original syllabus schedule, and for any other important, life-saving information that you will need regarding my courses. The syllabi for these courses are listed below the "Announcements and Assignments" section. Directly below that are links to the readings for Western Political Concepts, below that are links to readings for Humanities 201, and below that is a list of useful links. Please e-mail me with any problems that you are having with the site.

You can reach me by email at My office is G107 in Ireton and my office hours for the Fall Semester are 1:00-2:00pm and 3:30-4:00 on Tuesdays and Fridays, and by appointment on Wednesdays. For my Reston class, I am available before and after class Thursdays. Always email me ahead of time for an appointment. Email is always the best way to reach me! I always love to hear from alumni; send me a note.


For advising, sign up for a time on the sheet on my office door. Be sure to bring a copy of your curriculum sheet with you. You can get yours at the Arts and Sciences Office in Gailhac.


American Government (Reston, Fall 2015)

Constitutional Law I (Fall 2015)

Constitutional Law Case List

Fact Pattern Questions

Constitutional History: John Marshall and American Nationalism (Fall 2014)

Western Political Concepts I (Fall 2015)

Readings for Western Political Concepts I (Fall 2015)

Introduction to Political Theory

"Education is something which should be apart from the necessities of earning a living, not a school therefor. It needs contemplation, fallow periods, the measured and guided study of the history of man's reiteration of the most agonizing question of all: Why? Today the good ones, the ones who want to ask why, find no one around with any interest in answering the question, so they drop out, because theirs is the type of mind which becomes monstrously bored at the trade school concept. A devoted technician is seldom an educated man. He can be a useful man, a contented man, a busy man. But he has no more sense of the mystery and wonder and paradox of existence than does one of those chickens fattening itself for the mechanical plucking, freezing and packaging."

John D. MacDonald, A Purple Place for Dying

Drop by sometime and ask why.

The Western Tradition II (Spring 2015)

North American Politics (Spring 2015)

>Results of the October 19th Canadian Election

>Canadian Parliamentary Elections,

>Results of the June 7th Mexican congressional elections

>Commentary on the 2015 Mexican Elections Here and Here

Those of you who are considering law school might find THI$ interesting.

Take a look at THI$ one, too.

The Western Tradition I (Spring 2014)

Political Ideologies (Spring 2014)

United States Constitutional History (Fall 2014)

Constitutional History: John Marshall and American Nationalism (Fall 2014)

The Congress (Fall 2014)

International Law (Fall 2011)

Governmental Powers Cases

Commerce Clause Cases

This guy needs legal counsel. So does this guy.

Research and Writing

Research and Writing Outline

Senior Seminar (Spring 2009)

New Marymount Emergency Notification Absence Policy


I strongly suggest that you wait to buy your books for my courses until after the first class meeting.

American Government (Fall 2015)

American Constitutional Law I (Fall 2015)

Western Political Concepts I (Fall 2015)

POL 210 Western Political Concepts I Readings (Fall 2015)

Western Political Concepts II (Spring 2015)

Western Tradition II (Spring 2015)

Politics of North America (Spring 2015)

United States Constitutional History (Fall 2014)

The Congress (Fall 2014)

The Western Tradition (Spring 2014)

Political Ideologies (Spring 2016)

American Government (Fall 2015)

Continuing Education (Summer 2015)

Washington Nationals (Spring 2015)

International Law (Fall 2011)

Roots of Political Ideologies (Spring 2011)

Roots of Political Ideologies (Spring 2009)

Senior Seminar (Spring 2009)

Western Moral Tradition (IWP)

Western Moral Tradition Assignments (IWP)

Research and Writing

Partial ASCII and HTML Symbol Set



"Boredom with established truths is a great enemy of free men."

Bernard Crick, In Defence of Politics

Introduction to Political Theory

Approaches to Political Ideologies, Friedrich and Brzezinski's "Totalitarian Syndrome"

Plato's Crito, Jowett translation

Plato's Euthyphro, Jowett translation

Plato's Gorgias, Lamb translation (Loeb Classical Edition, Tufts)

Plato's Gorgias, Jowett Translation (Columbia)

Study Questions on Plato's Gorgias

Plato's Republic Shorey translation (Loeb Classical Edition, Tufts)

Plato's Republic (Jowett translation) (Adelaide)

Study Questions on Plato's Republic

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Ross Translation (Liberty Library)

Aristotle's Politics, Ellis translation (Project Gutenberg)

Aristotle's Politics Rackham translation (Loeb Classical Edition, Tufts)

Aristotle's Physics (MIT Internet Classics Archive)

Aristotle's Metaphysics (MIT Internet Classics Archive)

Gabrielle Leggett: "I've not ever been able to think clearly, as other people do, even the simplest thoughts. Everything is always so confused in my mind. No matter what I try to think about, there's a fog that gets between me and it, and other thoughts get between us, so I barely catch a glimpse of the thought I want before I lose it again, and have to hunt through the fog, and at last find it, only to have the same thing happen again and again and again. Can you understand how horrible that can become: going through life like that—year after year—knowing you will always be like that—or worse?"

Spade: "I can't. It sounds normal as hell to me. Nobody thinks clearly, no matter what they pretend. Thinking's a dizzy business, a matter of catching as many of those foggy glimpses as you can and fitting them together the best you can. That's why people hang on so tight to their beliefs and opinions; because, compared to the haphazard way in which they're arrived at, even the goofiest opinion seems wonderfully clear, sane, and self-evident. And if you let it get away from you, then you've got to dive back into that foggy muddle to wangle yourself out another to take its place."

Dashiell Hammett, The Dain Curse

Epicurus (, includes Principle Doctrines and other Epicurean materials)

Epictetus, The Enchiridion

Apocryphon of John (Nag Hammadi Library)

Hymn of the Pearl or In Quest of the Priceless Pearl (The Pearl)

Hans Jonas, The Gnostic Religion

St. Augustine's On the Free Choice of the Will (De libero arbitrio voluntatis) , also known as On Free Choice or The Problem of Free Choice (Trans. Dom Mark Pontifex, Internet Archive)

St. Augustine's City of God (New Advent)

Study Questions on St. Augustine's City of God, Book XIX

Pseudo-Dionysius Mystical Theology


St. Thomas Aquinas's "Treatise on Law" from the Summa Theologica, (Christian Classics)

"[T]echnicians. They don't have intelligence. They have what I call 'thintelligence.' They see the immediate situation. They think narrowly and they call it 'being focused.' They don't see the surround. They don't see the consequences. . . .

"I'll tell you the problem with engineers and scientists. Scientists have an elaborate line of bullshit about how they are seeking to know the truth about nature. Which is true, but that's not what drives them. Nobody is driven by abstractions like 'seeking truth.'

"Scientists are preoccupied with accomplishment. So they are focused on whether they can do something. They never stop to ask if they should do something. They conveniently define such considerations as pointless. If they don't do it, someone else will. Discovery, they believe, is inevitable. So they just try to do it first. That's the game in science. Even pure scientific discovery is an aggressive, penetrative act. It takes big equipment, and it literally changes the world afterward. Particle accelerators scar the land, and leave radioactive byproducts. Astronauts leave trash on the moon. There is always some proof that scientists were there, making their discoveries. Discovery is always a rape of the natural world. Always.

"The scientists want it that way. They have to stick their instruments in. They have to leave their mark. They can't just watch. They can't just appreciate. They can't just fit into the natural order. They have to make something unnatural happen. That is the scientist's job, and now we have whole societies that try to be scientific."

Michael Crichton, Jurassic Park

Isaac Asimov, The Feeling of Power

Machiavelli's Prince

Martin Luther on Secular Authority

Modern Philosophers' Rejections of Classical Philosophy

Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan (ebooks@Adelaide)

Study Questions on Hobbes's Leviathan

John Locke's Second Treatise of Government (Liberty Library)

Study Questions on Locke's Second Treatise

Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Oregon State)

Baron de Montesquieu's Spirit of the Laws

Jean Jacques Rousseau's Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, Cole Translation (Liberty Library)

Study Questions on Rousseau's Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

Jean Jacques Rousseau's Social Contract, Cole Translation (Liberty Library)

David Hume's Essays (Liberty Library)

Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence

Hamilton, Madison, and Jay, Federalist Papers (Liberty Library)

Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France

Thomas Paine's Rights of Man (ebooks@Adelaide)

Jeremy Bentham's Principles of Morals and Legislation

Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America (Virginia)

Auguste Comte's Positive Philosophy (McMaster University)

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Communist Manifesto (ebooks@Adelaide)

John Stuart Mill's On Liberty (Liberty Library)

John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism (Liberty Library)

Herbert Spencer's Man versus the State (McMaster)

Michael Bakunin's God and the State (

Joseph Mazzini's Duties of Man (Hanover)

Benito Mussolini's "Doctrine of Fascism" (complete)(World Future Fund)

Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf

"In war-time, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies." Winston Churchill

Pope Leo XIII: Rerum Novarum

Pope John Paul II: On the Hundredth Anniversary of Rerum Novarum (Centesimus Annus)(American)

Pope Benedict XVI: Regensburg Lecture 2006

Adams and Stephens XIII: Select Documents of English Constitutional History Table of Contents (1904)


"The death of the spirit is the price of progress." Eric Voegelin

Epic of Gilgamesh (Academy for Ancient Texts)

Enuma Elish (Academy for Ancient Texts)

Hammurabi's Law Code (Evansville)

The Legend of Osiris (

Egyptian Book of the Dead (Academy for Ancient Texts)

Egyptian Poems

Instruction of Ptahhotep

Hymn to Aton

Old Testament Readings

Book One of the Iliad (Butler translation—MIT)

Book One of the Odyssey (Butler translation—MIT)

Hesiod's Theogony (Evelyn-White translation) (Academy for Ancient Texts)

Greek Lyric Poetry (selections)

Pre-Socratic Philosophers (selections)

The Eumenides by Aeschylus

"It must be admitted that from the religious point of view this pluralist type of society involves serious disadvantages. It tends to make religion a matter of secondary importance. It means that man's first duty is not religious but political. We do not ask whether a man is a good Christian or a good Catholic, but whether he is a good citizen or a good American. If he is this, his religion is a matter that concerns only himself—and there is even a danger that it may be treated as a private hobby, so that a man's church membership will mean no more than his membership of a golf club.

"On the other hand, a pluralist society of this kind has certain compensating advantages for religion. It lays a greater weight of spiritual responsibility on the individual Christian. He can no longer afford to take his religion for granted. If he is to stand firm amid the shifting sands of democratic opinion, he must know where he stands and what he stands for, and since he is in constant contact with other forms of Christianity, he must know where they stand too—where they agree and where they differ and how far it is possible or necessary to cooperate with them in defense of their common interests and common spiritual values.

All this involves a considerable intellectual as well as a moral effort, an effort which it is difficult to make at the present day when the whole tendency of modern popular education and public opinion is concentrating our opinion on the problems of our modern secular democratic and technological culture which force themselves on our attention, through the thousand brazen tongues of organized publicity."

Christopher Dawson, The Formation of Christendom

The Analects of Confucius (Anonymous translation, Evansville University)

The Dao De Jing of Lao Tze

Herodotus's The Histories (George Rawlinson translation; ebooks@Adelaide) or ( Godley translation—Tufts Perseus)

Thucydides's Peloponnesian War (Crawley translation—ebooks@Adelaide) or (Tufts Perseus)

Polybius's Histories or The Rise of the Roman Empire (Paton translation—University of Chicago)

Livy's History of Rome (Roberts trans.—McAdams)

Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy (Poetics, parts 6 to 19 (Butcher translation—ebooks@Adelaide) or (Fyfe translation—Tufts Perseus)

Aristophanes's The Clouds (Anonymous translation—ebooks@Adelaide)

Plato's Apology (Fowler translation—Tufts Perseus)

Plato's Crito (Jowett translation—Adelaide) or (Tufts Perseus edition)

Plato's Euthyphro (Fowler translation—Tufts Perseus) or (Jowett translation—MIT Internet Classics Archive)

Aristotle's Concept of Happiness (Nicomachean Ethics, Book I, chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9)(Ross translation, Liberty Library) and the Golden Mean (Nicomachean Ethics, Book II, chapters 1, 2, 4, 6)(Ross translation, Liberty Library)

Epicurus, "Principal Doctrines"

Lucretius, De Rerum Natura (Leonard translation--Tufts Perseus) or Lucretius, De Rerum Natura (Leonard translation--MIT Internet Classics Library--incomplete)

Cicero, "The Dream of Scipio," from De re publica (Andrew Peabody trans. with notes ) or (W.D. Pearman trans. no notes)

Cicero, De Officiis (Walter Miller trans., Loeb ed., Liberty Library)

Four Christian Creeds

Early Christian Writings from the First and Second Centuries

Epictetus, Enchiridion (Elizabeth Carter, trans., MIT)

Marcus Aurelius, Meditations (George Long trans., MIT)

So the problem with taking long walks outside or any of that nature stuff was, well, it was boring. The worlds online may be virtual, but they were constant stimuli in constant flux. You saw, you experienced, you reacted. It never bored. It never got old because it was always changing. You were always engrossed.

* * *

So no, Brandon wasn’t walking through this Manhattan woodland because he suddenly had an appreciation for the great outdoors or fresh air or any of that stuff. He did it because walking like this bored him. It bored him silly.

[It was] balance for the constant stimuli.

More than that, boredom was a kind of thinking tank. It fed you. Brandon didn’t take walks in the woods to calm himself or get in tune with nature. He did it because the boredom forced him to look inward, to think hard, to concentrate solely on his own thoughts because nothing around him was worthy of his attention.

Certain problems cannot be solved if you are constantly entertained or distracted.

Harlan Coben, Missing You.

Recently, Bloomberg published an article by Michelle Fay Cortez (July 4, 2014) entitled: “Shocking: Many Pick Electric Jolt Over Solitude in Study.” The article explains that most people vastly prefer passive activities like reading or listening to music over spending just a few minutes by themselves. People tend to avoid being alone with their own thoughts. Randy Kasten who is the author of “Just Trust Me: Finding the Truth in a World of Spin” explains that, “The ability to think critically is one skill separating innovators from followers. Critical thinking reduces the power of advertisers, the unscrupulous and the pretentious, and can neutralize the sway of an unsupported argument.” [A]s Clare Boothe Luce (she was highly intelligent and the wife of Henry Luce) opined, “What generally passes for ‘thought’ among the majority of mankind is the time one takes out to rearrange one's prejudices.” [R]emember the words of Ann Landers: “That ability to block out distraction helps to explain what makes some brains more efficient than others.”

Marc Faber, Gloom, Boom, and Doom Report.

College Finances

Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Eminent Philosophers

Justinian, Institutes (Paul Halsall, Fordham)

Moses Maimonides, Guide for the Perplexed (selections from Book Two)

Medieval Islamic Political Philosophy--Alfarabi, Avicenna, Averroes (Paul Halsall, Fordham University)

St. Thomas Aquinas, "Treatise on Law," Summa Theologica, Question 91


Sir Gawaine and the Green Knight

The Coronation Oath of Edgar (Liberty Library) Temporarily Unavailable

The Coronation Order of Richard I (Fordham, Halsall)

The Coronation Oath of Edward II (Liberty Library)

"The young people think the old people are fools, but the old people know the young people are fools." Agatha Christie, Murder at the Vicarage


Foreign Language Translation (Babylon) (Select from many different languages.)

For information and links relating to the following subjects, just click on the title. Most of the memos are also distributed in class.

Memo: General Requirements for Research and other Papers in Politics

Memo: Papers in Political Theory

Memo: Proposals for Research Papers

Memo: Article and Book Reviews

"As is the case with any uneducated group when confronted with a highly specialized, technically involved sort of activity, there is always this engrossment with surface detail rather than with intrinsic merit."

Artie Shaw

Citation Forms

On Writing

"Online--reference guide to internet sources"

The History Guide

Strunk's "Elements of Style"

Memo: Political Concepts Related to Social Contract Theories

Episteme, Philosophy Resources on Internet

Great Books On Line

Hanover Historical Texts Project

Internet Classics Archive

Avalon Project at Yale University Law School

Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics (The Constitution Society)

Project Gutenberg

Online Library of Liberty (Liberty Fund) Internet Library

New Advent—St. Thomas, Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopaedia

Christian Classics Ethereal Library (Calvin College)

The Nag Hammadi Library (Gnostic Society)

Project Gutenberg Texts in Literature

"Thomas"--The Library of Congress Legislative Research Service

Library of Congress Country Studies

Political Database of the U.S.A. and Latin America

Official Government Documents from the GPO (FDsys)

American Electoral Politics

Spade: "You must be proud of your past, huh?"

Old Mr. Exon: "Well, Sonny, a past like mine is the finest thing an old man can have. I've swindled my partners and betrayed my friends. I've turned State's evidence just to see my associate get sent up for twenty years. And they say my wife died under mysterious circumstances, and I got rich off her insurance."

From a 1947 Sam Spade radio script, "The Adam Figg Caper," by Robert Tallman and Gil Doud.

2004 Elections, 2006 Elections, 2008 Elections, 2010 Elections, 2012 Elections, and 2014 Elections: Data and Analysis


University of Virginia's Center for Politics—Sabato's Crystal Ball

The Apathetic Election

The Cook Political Report

American Presidential Elections, 1892-2012

2004 Exit Poll (CNN), 2008 Exit Poll (NYTimes), 2012 Exit Poll (CNN), 2014 Exit Poll (CNN)

Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (Dave Leip)

American Congressional Elections, 1900 to Present

Party Divisions of the House of Representatives, 1900 to Present (Office of the Clerk, House of Representatives)

Incumbency Re-election Rates (Thirty-Thousand Org.), Incumbency Re-election Rates (Center for Responsive Politics)

FEC, Clerk of the House of Representatives, GMU United States Elections Project, and the Census Bureau

Gerrymandered Districts (Washington Times)

National Election Studies Data

Canadian Government Resources

Canadian Elections

Canadian History, Maps, Documents Canadian National Library (Under Construction)

Canadian Laws Canada Department of Justice

Canadian Supreme Court

Constitutional Documents McMaster

Constitutions and Other Legal Documents

Canadian Parliament Web Site (the "Reference Material" link is particularly useful)

Resources for Constitutional Law and Constitutional History

United States Supreme Court Website

Oyez, Oyez, Oyez: A Supreme Court Multimedia Website

Recent Supreme Court Opinions (Cornell University) Supreme Court Opinions Supreme Court Opinions and Other Legal Resources Supreme Court Opinions and Other Legal Resources

Supreme Court Opinions October 2004 Term (with key to chart notations)

Supreme Court Opinions October 2005 Term

Supreme Court Opinions October 2006 Term

Supreme Court Opinions October 2007 Term

Supreme Court Opinions October 2008 Term

Supreme Court Opinions October 2009 Term

Supreme Court Opinions October 2010 Term

Supreme Court Opinions October 2013 Term

Supreme Court Opinions October 2014 Term

The Founders' Constitution (University of Chicago Press/Liberty Fund)

Farrand's Records and other American Constitutional History Resources (Library of Congress)

Yale University Avalon Project: Law, History, and Government Texts

A Constitutional History of the United States by Andrew C. McLaughlin (Liberty Library)

Duhaime's Law Dictionary

Internet Legal Research Guide

Law and Politics: Internet Guide

Bureau of Justice Statistics Homepage

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics Online (BJS)

Current Index to Legal Periodicals (University of Washington)

Information on Federal Courts from the Administrative Office of the United States Courts

Information on United States State Courts from the National Center for State Courts

Marymount University Home Page

So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth. Revelation 3:16

Marymount is not Sweet Briar?

Nullum beneficium impunitum

Illegitimi non carborundum