Semester Cases (as edited for use when reading the original opinions. All page numbers refer to the United States Reports editions available on Justia.com and LEXIS-NEXIS.)

For Justia, use the following URL formula:

  1. Using Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186 (1962) as the example:
  2. Justia.com: supreme.justia.com/us/369/186/case.html
  3. Or the Justia index: http://supreme.justia.com/us/

These cases are also available in the library and on the internet through the use of one or more of the following: Lexis-Nexis, justia.com, and, for the more recent cases, the official Supreme Court site and the Cornell University site. You may also use the date of the decision to track down the decision in the Lawyer's Edition, BNA's U.S. Law Week, or any other edition of Supreme Court decisions that you may use. If the particular case is not available on the net, toddle on over to Reinsch Library and book it the old fashioned way.

Where only particular pages of the opinion, as noted in the United States Reports citation, are assigned, the general rule is to begin with the first complete paragraph on the first page of the assignment and to end with the last complete paragraph on the final page of the assignment. Sometimes, following this rule will have you read a paragraph or two that is not strictly relevant, but the extra reading will not hurt you, I promise. Where no particular pages are noted in the United States Reports citation, please read the whole opinion—i.e., the majority and separate opinions.

The following cases are linked to either Justia or to an excerpt that I have prepared for this course. Please email me if any of the links do not work! I must update all Findlaw links to Justia; this may take a while.

Jurisdiction, judicial review, and justiciability cases:

Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137, 153-180, 2 L.Ed. 60, http://supreme.justia.com/us/5/137/case.html (Justia.com) (1803). Judicial review.

Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority, 297 U.S. 288, 341-356 (Brandeis, concurring), 56 S.Ct. 466, 80 L.Ed. 688 (1936). Rule of avoidance of constitutional issues.

Rescue Army v. Municipal Court, 331 U.S. 549, 568-574, 67 S.Ct. 1409, 91 L.Ed. 1666 (1947). Rule of avoidance of constitutional issues.

Cooper v. Aaron, 358 U.S. 1, 78 S.Ct. 1401, 3 L.Ed.2d 5 (1958). Supreme Court opinions as law of the land.

Office of Senator Mark Dayton v. Hanson, 550 U.S. 511; 127 S. Ct. 2018; 167 L. Ed. 2d 898 (2007).

Ex parte McCardle, 74 U.S. (7 Wall.) 506, 512-515, 19 L.Ed. 264, http://laws.findlaw.com/us/74/506.html or http://supreme.justia.com/us/74/506/case.html (1869). See also Ex parte Yerger, 75 U.S. 85, 19 L.Ed. 332 (1869), and U.S. v. Klein, 80 U.S. 128, 20 L.Ed. 519 (1871). Supreme Court appellate jurisdiction.

National Park Hospitality Assn v. Department of the Interior, 538 U.S. 803, 804-812, 817-821, 123 S.Ct. 2026, 155 L.Ed.2d 1017 (2003)(Thomas's opinion and Breyer's dissent). For Findlaw.com, use the following citation because it is a recent case: 000 U.S. 02-196. Ripeness.

United Public Workers v. Mitchell, 330 U.S. 75, 67 S.Ct. 556, 91 L.Ed. 754 (1947). Justiciability—ripeness, standing, advisory opinions.

I.L.W.U., Local 37, v. Boyd, 347 U.S. 222, 74 S.Ct. 447, 98 L.Ed. 650 (1954)(including the dissent) Ripeness. See also Abbott Laboratories v. Gardner, 387 U.S. 136, 87 S.Ct. 1507, 18 L.Ed.2d 681 (1967).

Cooper v. Aaron, 358 U.S. 1, 3 L.Ed.2d 5, 78 S.Ct. 1401 (1958).

County of Los Angeles v. Davis, 440 U.S. 625, 625-635, 99 S.Ct. 1379, 59 L.Ed.2d 642 (1979)(Brennan's and Stewart's Opinions). Mootness.

City News and Novelty v. City of Waukesha, 531 U.S. 278, 121 S.Ct. 743, 148 L.Ed.2d 757 (2001) (entire case). Mootness.

Allen v. Wright, 468 U.S. 737, 739-762, 766-768, 770-783, 104 S.Ct. 3315, 82 L.Ed.2d 556 (1984)(the facts and Parts IIA and IIB of O'Connor's opinion and the introduction and Part II of Brennan's dissent). Standing.

Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife, 504 U.S. 555, 112 S.Ct. 2130, 119 L.Ed.2d 351 (1992). Standing.

Warth v. Seldin, 422 U.S. 490, 95 S.Ct. 2197, 45 L.Ed.2d 343 (1975). Standing.

Frothingham v. Mellon, 262 U.S. 447, 43 S.Ct. 597, 67 L.Ed. 1078 (1923). Taxpayer standing.

Flast v. Cohen, 392 U.S. 83, 88 S.Ct. 1942, 20 L.Ed.2d 947 (1968). Taxpayer standing.

Valley Forge Christian College v. Americans United, 454 U.S. 464, 102 S.Ct. 752, 70 L.Ed.2d 700 (1982). Taxpayer standing.

DaimlerChrysler v. Cuno, 547 U.S. 332, 337-349, (the facts and all of Parts I and II of the opinion), 126 S.Ct. 1854, 164 L.Ed.2d, ( Findlaw edition) (2006). State taxpayer standing.

Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186 (the brief introduction and Parts III and IV), 82 S.Ct. 691, 7 L.Ed.2d 663 (1962). See also Luther v. Borden, 48 U.S. 1, 12 L.Ed. 581 (1849). Political question.

Chicago & Southern Air Lines v. Waterman S.S. Corp., 333 U.S. 103, 68 S.Ct. 431, 92 L.Ed. 568 (1948). Political Question.

Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98, 121 S.Ct. 525, 148 L.Ed.2d 388 (2000). Political question.

Muskrat v. U.S., 219 U.S. 346, 31 S.Ct. 250, 55 L.Ed. 246 (1911). Case or controversy—advisory opinions, collusive suits..

Aetna Life Ins. Co. of Hartford, Conn. V. Haworth, 300 U.S. 227, 57 S.Ct. 461, 81 L.Ed. 617 (1937). Advisory opinions—Declaratory Judgment Act.

West Lewinsville Heights Citizens Assn., et al. v. Board of Supervisors of Fairfax County, VA., 270 Va. 259; 618 S.E.2d 311 (2005). Procedural violations.

Commerce Clause: Federal Power

Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. (9 Wheat.) 1, 186-211, 6 L.Ed. 23 (1824).

Daniel Ball, 77 U.S. 557, 558-559 (facts of the case), 562-566 (Field's opinion of the Court), 19 L.Ed. 999 (1871). Federal regulation of intrastate steamer.

United States v. E.C. Knight Co. [The Sugar Trust Case], 156 U.S. 1, 9-18 (majority opinion), 15 S.Ct. 249, 39 L.Ed. 325 (1895). Sherman Anti-Trust Act.

Champion v. Ames, 188 U.S. 321, 321-325 (Facts), 344-348, 352-358, 362-364, 364-366 (Dissent), 371-375 (Dissent), 23 S.Ct. 321, 47 L.Ed. 492 (1903). Lottery tickets.

McCray v. United States [Margarine Tax Case], 195 U.S. 27, 24 S,Ct. 769, 49 L.Ed. 78 (1904).

Swift & Co. v. United States, 19 U.S. 375, 25 S,Ct. 276, 49 L.Ed. 518 (1905). Sherman Anti-Trust Act and meat dealers.

Adair v. United States [Yellow Dog Contract Case], 208 U.S. 161, 28 S.Ct. 277, 52 L.Ed. 436 (1908).

Houston, East & West Texas Railway Co. v. U.S. [The Shreveport Rate Case], 234 U.S. 342, 345-355, 34 S.Ct. 833, 58 L.Ed. 1341 (1914). Intrastate railroad rates.

Hammer v. Dagenhart [Child Labor Case], 247 U.S. 251, 268-281 (Court Opinion and Dissent), 38 S.Ct. 529, 62 L.Ed. 1101 (1918). Childrens' working conditions.

Stafford v. Wallace, 258 U.S. 495, 512-521, 42 S.Ct. 397, 66 L.Ed. 735 (1922). Stockyards regulation.

Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co. [Child Labor Tax Case], 259 U.S. 20, 42 S.Ct. 449, 66 L.Ed. 817 (1922).

Adkins v. Children's Hospital [Minimum Wage Case], 261 U.S. 525, 43 S.Ct. 394, 67 L.Ed. 785 (1923).

Carter v. Carter Coal, 298 U.S. 238, 278-286 (Facts), 297-310 (Fifth Issue), 56 S.Ct. 855, 80 L.Ed. 1160 (1936). Bituminous Coal Conservation Act of 1935.

West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379, 57 S.Ct. 578, 81 L.Ed. 703 (1937). State minimum wage statute.

National Labor Relations Board v. Jones and Laughlin Steel, 301 U.S. 1, 22-29 (Facts), 29-32 (First. The Scope of the Act), 34-41 (Third. The Application of the Act . . . .), 41-43 (Fourth. Effects of the Unfair Labor Practice . . . .), 57 S.Ct. 615, 81 L.Ed. 893 (1937). National Labor Relations Act.

Steward Machine Co. v. Davis, 301 U.S. 548, 57 S.Ct. 883, 81 L.Ed. 1279 (1937). Social Security Act.

United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100, 61 S.Ct. 451, 85 L.Ed. 609 (1941). Fair Labor Standards Act.

Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111, 113-117 (Facts), 118-129 (Part II), 63 S.Ct. 82, 87 L.Ed. 122 (1942).

Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States, 379 U.S. 241, 242-262 (Court opinion), 85 S.Ct. 348, 13 L.Ed.2d 258 (1964). 1964 Civil Rights Act: urban restaurant and motel.

Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294, 295-305 (Court opinion), 85 S.Ct. 377, 13 L.Ed.2d 290 (1964). 1964 Civil Rights Act: rural restaurant.

Daniel v. Paul, 395 U.S. 298, 300-308 (Court opinion), 309-315 (Black's dissent), 89 S.Ct. 1697, 23 L.Ed.2d 318 (1969). 1964 Civil Rights Act: really, really rural restaurant and recreation park.

U.S. v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549, 551-568 (Court opinion), 115 S.Ct. 1624, 131 L.Ed.2d 626 (1995). Gun Free School Zone Act.

U.S. v. Morrison, 529 U.S. 598, 601-602 (Intro), 602-607 (Part I, Facts), 607-619 (Part II), 120 S.Ct. 1740, 146 L.Ed.2d 658 (2000).

Gonzales v. Raich, 545 U.S. 1, (Intro, Parts I, III, & IV, and Part I of Justice Thomas's dissent), 125 S.Ct. 2195, 162 L.Ed.2d 1 (2005).

National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, 567 U.S. ___, 183 L. Ed. 2d 450, 132 S.Ct. 2566 (Parts I and III.A. excerpt)(2012).

Commerce Clause: State Powers

Brown v. State of Maryland, 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) 419 (1827). Police power; original package doctrine.

Willson v. Black-Bird Creek Marsh Co., 27 U.S. 245, 245-247 (facts of the case), 250-252 (Marshall's opinion of the court), 7 L.Ed. 412 (1829). Exclusivity issue.

Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonality of the City of New York v. Miln, 36 U.S. 102, 9 L.Ed. 648 (1837). Police power; weight of powers.

Thurlow v. Massachusetts (The License Cases), 46 U.S. (5 How.) 504, -- L.Ed. -- (1847).

Smith v. Turner (The Passenger Cases), 48 U.S. 283, -- L.Ed.-- (1849).

Cooley v. Board of Wardens, 53 U.S. (12 How.) 299, 13 L.Ed. 996 (1851). Selective exclusivity doctrine.

Baldwin v. G.A.F. Seelig, 294 U.S. 511, 518-528, 55 S.Ct. 497, 79 L.Ed. 1032 (1935). Milk.

Henneford v. Silas Mason Co., 300 U.S. 577, 57 S.Ct. 524, 81 L.Ed. 814 (1937). Washington state use tax.

South Carolina State Highway Department v. Barnwell Brothers, 303 U.S. 177, 180-196, 58 S.Ct. 510, 82 L.Ed. 734 (1938). Trucks.

Milk Control Board v. Eisenberg Farm Products, 306 U.S. 346, 59 S.Ct. 773, 83 L.Ed. 752 (1939). Milk.

Edwards v. California, 314 U.S. 160, 170-177 (Majority Opinion), 177-181 (Douglas's concurrence), 62 S.Ct. 164, 86 L.Ed. 119 (1941). Poor people.

Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona, 325 U.S. 761, 763-784, 784-795 (Black, dissenting). 795-6 (Douglas, dissenting), 65 S.Ct. 1515, 89 L.Ed. 1915 (1945). Trains.

Freeman v. Hewit, 329 U.S. 249, 67 S.Ct. 274, 91 L.Ed. 265, 252 (1946). State tax.

Hood v. Du Mond, 336 U.S. 525, 69 S.Ct. 657, 93 L.Ed. 865(1949). Milk.

Dean Milk Co. v. City of Madison, 340 U.S. 349, 350-357, 357-361 (Black, dissenting), 71 S.Ct. 295, 95 L.Ed. 329 (1951). Milk.

Bibb v. Navajo Freight Lines, Inc., 359 U.S. 520, 79 S.Ct. 962, 3 L.Ed.2d 1003 (1959). Mud-flaps.

Pike v. Bruce Church, Inc., 397 U.S. 137, 90 S.Ct. 844, 25 L.Ed.2d 174 (1970). Cantaloupes.

Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Co. v. Cottrell, 424 U.S. 366, 96 S.Ct. 923, 47 L.Ed.2d 55 (1976). Milk.

Hughes v. Alexandria Scrap, 426 U.S. 794, 796-810 (Intro, Part I, and Part II of Powell's opinion), 96 S.Ct. 2488, 49 L.Ed.2d 220 (1976). Scrap.

Raymond Motor Transportation, Inc. v. Rice, 434 U.S. 429, 98 S. Ct. 787, 54 L. Ed. 2d 664 (1978). Truck length.

City of Philadelphia v. State of New Jersey, 437 U.S. 617, 98 S.Ct. 2531, 57 L.Ed. 475 (1978). Garbage.

Hughes v. Oklahoma, 441 U.S. 322, 99 S.Ct. 1727, 60 L.Ed.2d 250 (1979). Minnows.

Reeves v. Stake, 447 U.S. 429, 430-447 (opinion), 447-454 (Powell's dissent), 100 S.Ct. 2271, 65 L.Ed.2d 244 (1980). Cement; market regulator/participant case.

Minnesota v. Clover Leaf Creamery, 449 U.S. 456, 458-461 (Intro and Part I), 470-474 (Part III), 101 S.Ct. 715, 66 L.Ed.2d 659 (1981). Milk containers.

Kassel v. Consolidated Freightlines, 450 U.S. 662, 664-679, 679-687 (Brennan, concurring in the judgment), 687-706 (Rehnquist, dissenting), 101 S.Ct. 1309, 67 L.Ed.2d 580 (1981). Truck length.

Bacchus Imports v. Dias, 468 U.S. 263, 265-67 (Intro and Part I), 268-273 (Part III), 104 S.Ct. 3049, 82 L.Ed.2d 200 (1984). Hawaian liquor tax exemptions.

Maine v. Taylor, 477 U.S. 131, 106 S.Ct. 2440, 91 L.Ed.2d 110 (1986). Minnows.

Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, 504 U.S. 298, 112 S.Ct. 1904, 119 L.Ed.2d 91 (1992). Use tax.

C&A Carbone v. City of Clarkstown, N.Y., 511U.S. 383 (1994). Garbage.

West Lynn Creamery v. Healy, 512 U.S. 186, 114 S.Ct. 2205, 129 L.Ed.2d 157 (1994). Milk.

Camps Newfound/Owatonna v. Town of Harrison, 520 U.S. 564, 567-584 (Parts I, II, III, IV, and the first paragraph of V), 595-609 (Scalia dissent), and 609-640 (Thomas dissent), 117 S.Ct. 1590, 137 L.Ed.2d 852 (1997). Summer camps.

Hillside Dairy v. Lyons, 539 U.S. 59, 61-67 (Stevens opinion), 68 (Thomas dissent), 123 S.Ct. 214, 156 L.Ed.2d 54 (2003). Milk.

Granholm v. Heald, 544 U.S. 460, (Intro, Parts I (all), II (all), III (intro and C), IV, V, and Part IA of Thomas dissent), 125 S.Ct. 1885, 161 L.Ed.2d 796 (2005). Wine.

American Trucking Association v. Michigan P.S.Commission, 545 U.S. 429, 125 S.Ct. 2419, 162 L.Ed.2d 407 (2005). Trucks, intrastate hauling fee.

United Haulers v. Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Management Authority, 550 U.S. 330 (2007). Garbage.

Federalism:

New State Ice Co. v. Liebmann, 285 U.S. 262, 52 S.Ct. 371, 76 L.Ed 747 (1932).

South Dakota v. Dole, 483 U.S. 203, 107 S.Ct. 2793, 97 L.Ed.2d 171 (1987).

New York v. United States, 505 U.S. 144, 112 S.Ct. 2408, 120 L.Ed.2d 120 (1992).

Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898, 117 S.Ct. 2365, 138 L.Ed.2d 914 (1997).

Various State Powers Cases:

Allgeyer v. Louisiana, 165 U.S. 578, 17 S.Ct. 427, 41 L.Ed. 832 (1897) Liberty to Contract.

Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11, 12-18, 22-35, 37/38-39, 49 L.Ed. 643 (1905).

Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45, 52-59 (part of Peckham's majority opinion), 65-69 (part of Harlan's dissent), 74-76 (Holmes's dissent), 25 S.Ct. 539, 49 L.Ed. 937 (1905).

Muller v. Oregon, 208 U.S. 412, 28 S.Ct. 324, 52 L.Ed. 551 (1908).

Coppage v. Kansas [State Yellow Dog Contract Case], 236 U.S. 1, 35 S.Ct. 240, 59 L.Ed. 441 (1915).

Baldwin v. Fish and Game Commission of Montana, 436 U.S. 371, 372-376 (Intro, Parts I & II), 378-388 (Part IV), 98 S.Ct. 1852, 56 L.Ed.2d 354 (1978). Elk.

Penn Central Transportation Co. v. City of New York, 438 U.S. 104, 107-126 (Intro, Parts I and IIA), 138-144 (Rehnquist's dissent, Intro, Parts IA and IB), 98 S.Ct. 2646, 57 L.Ed.2d 631 (1978).

Pacific Gas and Electric v. State Energy Resources and Development Comm., 461 U.S. 190, 193-200 (Intro and Part I), 203-217 (Part III and IIIA), 220-223 (Part IIIC), 103 S.Ct. 1713, 75 L.Ed.2d 752 (1983).

South Dakota v. Dole, 483 U.S. 203, 107 S.Ct. 2793, 97 L.Ed.2d 171 (1987).

Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898, 902-918 (Scalia's Majority opinion, Parts I and II), 970-978 (Souter's dissent), 117 S.Ct. 2365, 138 L.Ed.2d 914 (1997).

Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council, 530 U.S. 363, 366-377 (Intro, Parts I, II, IIIA), 120 S.Ct. 2288, 147 L.Ed.2d 352 (2000).

Kelo v. City of New London, 545 U.S. 469, 473-490, 514-523 (Parts III and IV of Thomas's dissent), 125 S.Ct. 2655, 162 L.Ed.2d 439 (2005) (Use LEXIS).

Implied Powers

McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 316, 400-425 (First Part of Marshall's opinion), 4 L.Ed. 579 (1819).

South Carolina v. Katzenbach, 383 U.S. 301, 307-317, 323-328, (Chief Justice Warren's short intro, part I, paragraphs 1 to 4 of part II, part III, and paragraphs 1 and 2 of part IV), 355-362 (Justice Black's dissent), 86 S.Ct. 803, 15 L.Ed.2d 769 (1966).

City of Boerne v. Flores, 521 U.S. 507, 511-512, 516-520, 524-527, 529-536 (Intro, Parts I, III.A, III.A.2, III.B), 117 S.Ct. 2157, 138 L.Ed.2d 624 (1997). Boerne full opinion.

Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11, 12-18, 22-35, 37/38-39, 49 L.Ed. 643 (1905).

Incidental Powers (following Justice Story, quoted in Nixon v. Fitzgerald, Part IV; also referred to as Auxiliary, Inherent, or Implied Powers)

Anderson v. Dunn, 19 U.S. (6 Wheat.) 204, 5 L. Ed. 242 (1821). House of Representatives contempt power.

McGrain v. Daugherty, 273 U.S. 135, 47 S.Ct. 319, 71 L.Ed. 580 (1927) Excerpt. Senate subpoena power.

In re Neagle, also styled Cunningham v. Neagle, 135 U.S. 1, 40-68, 80-84 (Lamar, dissenting), 10 S.Ct. 658, 34 L.Ed. 55 (1890).

Young v. U.S. ex rel Vuitton et Fils, 481 U.S. 787, 789-802, (Scalia, concuring) 814-22, (White, dissenting) 825-28, 107 S.Ct. 2124, 95 L.Ed.2d 740 (1987). Judicial contempt power and procedure.

Privilege and Immunity

Bradley v. Fisher, 80 U.S. 335, 20 L.Ed. 646 (1871). Judicial immunity.

Pierson v. Ray, 386 U.S. 547, 87 S.Ct. 1213, 18 L.Ed.2d 1288 (1967). Judicial immunity.

Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349, 98 S.Ct. 1099, 55 L.Ed.2d 331 (1978). Judicial immunity.

Mireles v. Waco, 502 U.S. 9, 112 S.Ct. 286, 116 L.Ed.2d 9 (1991). Cf. People v. Perez, Illinois Appellate Court (3d), October 1, 2014. Judicial immunity.

Reynolds v. United States, 345 U.S. 1, 73 S.Ct. 528, 97 L.Ed. 727 (1953). Executive privilege.

Gravel v. United States, 408 U.S. 606, 608-627, 92 S.Ct. 2614, 33 L.Ed.2d 583 (1972). Speech and Debate Clause.

United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683, 686-690 (Facts), 703-716 (Part IV), 94 S.Ct. 3090, 41 L.Ed.2d 1039 (1974). Executive privilege.

Nixon v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 731, 733-741 (Part I), 748-758 (Parts IV, V, VI), 102 S.Ct. 2690, 73 L.Ed.2d 349 (1982). Presidential immunity.

Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800, 802-820 (Powell's opinion), 822-829 (Burger's dissent), 102 S.Ct. 2727, 73 L.Ed.2d 396 (1982). Executive aide immunity.

Clinton v. Jones, 520 U.S. 681, 117 S.Ct. 1636, 137 L.Ed.2d 945 (1997). Presidential immunity.

Treaty Power: Treaties

Foster v. Neilson, 27 U.S. (2 Pet.) 253, 314-15, 7 L.Ed. 415 (1829). Self-executing and non-self-executing treaties.

Cherokee Tobacco v. United States, 78 U.S. (11 Wall.) 616, 617-622 (Swayne's opinion), 20 L.Ed. 227 (1871). Relationship between Constitution, treaties, & federal statutes.

Edye v. Robertson ("Head Money Cases"), 112 U.S. 580, 596-600, 5 S.Ct. 247, 28 L.Ed. 798 (1884). Conflict between treaty and federal statute.

Whitney v. Robertson, 124 U.S. 190, 190-195 (Field's opinion), 8 S.Ct. 456, 31 L.Ed. 386 (1888). Conflict between treaty and federal statute.

De Geofroy v. Riggs, 133 U.S. 258; 10 S. Ct. 295; 33 L. Ed. 642 (1890).

Missouri v. Holland, 252 U.S. 416, 430-435 (Holmes's opinion), 40 S.Ct. 382, 64 L.Ed. 641 (1920). Relationship of treaties to Constitution.

Cook v. United States ("The Mazel Tov"), 288 U.S. 102, 53 S.Ct. 305, 77 L.Ed. 641 (1933). Conflict between treaty and federal statute.

Sei Fujii v. California 242 P.2d 617, 619-622 (1952)(excerpt). Conflict between treaty and state law; self-executing and non-self-executing treaties.

Goldwater v. Carter, 444 U.S. 996, 100 S.Ct. 533, 62 L.Ed.2d 428 (1979).

Treaty Power: Executive Agreements

United States v. Belmont, 301 U.S. 324, 325-337 (Sutherland's and Stone's opinions), 57 S.Ct. 758, 81 L.Ed. 1134 (1937). Relation of executive agreement to state law.

United States v. Pink, 315 U.S. 203, 62 S.Ct. 552, L.Ed. (1942). Relation of executive agreement to state law.

United States v. Guy Capps, 204 F.2d 655, 655-60 (4th Cir. 1953). Relation of executive agreement to federal statute.

Swearingen v. United States, 565 F.Supp. 1019 (1983). Relation of executive agreement to treaty and to federal statute.

Reid v. Covert, 354 U.S. 1, 3-5 (Facts), 15-19 (Part II), 77 S.Ct. 1222, 1 L.Ed.2d 1148 (1957). Relation of agreement to constitution.

Dames and Moore v. Regan, 453 U.S. 654, 659-662 (Preface), 662-668 (Part I, Facts), 668-669 (Part II), and 669-674 (Part III). 101 S.Ct. 2972, 69 L.Ed.2d 918 (1981). Relation of Executive agreement to federal statutes and to Constitution.

Inherent Power

Curtiss-Wright Export v. United States, 299 U.S. 304, 311-330, 57 S.Ct. 216, 81 L.Ed. 255 (1936).

United States v. Belmont, 301 U.S. 324, 325-337 (Sutherland's and Stone's opinions), 57 S.Ct. 758, 81 L.Ed. 1134 (1937).

Dames and Moore v. Regan, 453 U.S. 654, 659-662 (Preface), 662-668 (Part I, Facts), 668-669 (Part II), and 669-674 (Part III), 101 S.Ct. 2972, 69 L.Ed.2d 918 (1981).

Home Building and Loan v. Blaisdell, 290 U.S. 398, 54 S. Ct. 231, 78 L. Ed. 413 (1934). Emergency powers.

War Powers

Preciat et al v. United States (The Prize Cases), 67 U.S. 635, 636-639 (Facts), 665-671 (constitutional issue), 686-699 (Nelson's dissent, from the paragraph beginning, "We have been more particular upon this branch of the case than would seem to be required,"), 17 L.Ed. 459 (1863).

Ex parte Milligan, 71 U.S. (4 Wall.) 2, 18 L.Ed. 281 (1866).

Ex parte Quirin, 317 U.S. 1, 63 S.Ct. 2, 87 L.Ed. 7 (1942).

Hirabayashi v. United States, 320 U.S. 81, 63 S.Ct. 1375, 87 L.Ed. 1774 (1943).

Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214, 215-224 (Black's majority opinion) (Preface), 224-225 (Frankfurter's concurrence), 242-248 (Jackson's dissent), 65 S.Ct. 193, 89 L.Ed.2d 194 (1944).

Youngstown Sheet and Tube v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 582-589 (Justice Black's Opinion of the Court), 634-655 (Justice Jackson's concurring opinion), 72 S.Ct. 863, 96 L.Ed. 1153 (1952).

Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, 542 U.S. 507, 509-524 (Intro, I & II, facts, authority to detain), 539-542 (Intro, Souter's opinion), 554-561 (Intro, I & IIB of Scalia's opinion), 579, 586-594 (Intro, II & III of Thomas's opinion), 124 S. Ct. 2633, 159 L. Ed. 2d 578 (2004). American citizen enemy combatant, held in Charlston, S.C.; habeas corpus.

Rumsfeld v. Padilla, 542 U.S. 426, 124 S.Ct. 2711, 159 L.Ed.2d 513 (2004).

Rasul v. Bush, 542 U.S. 466, 124 S.Ct. 2686, 159 L.Ed.2d 548 (2004). Federal court jurisdiction over fireign nationals held at Guantanamo.

Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, 548 U.S. 557, 126 S.Ct. 2749, 165 L.Ed.2d 723 (2006). Constitutionality of trying foreign nationals by military commissions.

Boumediene v. Bush, 553 U.S. 723, 128 S.Ct. 2229, 171 L.Ed.2d 41 (2008). Military Commissions Act; federal court jurisdiciton over habeas corpus petitions filed by unlawful enemy combatants.

Delegation Doctrine

J.W. Hampton v. United States, 276 U.S. 394, 400-411, 48 S.Ct. 348, 72 L.Ed. 624 (1928).

Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan, 293 U.S. 388, 405-412 (down to the paragraph beginning with "First."), 420-433 (from "Fifth" to the end of the majority opinion), 55 S.Ct. 241, 79 L.Ed. 446 (1935).

A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, 295 U.S. 495, 519-528 (Facts), 529-542 ("Second. The Question of the Delegation of Legislative Power"), 55 S.Ct. 837, 79 L.Ed. 1570 (1935).

Curtiss-Wright Export v. United States, 299 U.S. 304, 311-330, 57 S.Ct. 216, 81 L.Ed. 255 (1936).

Public Citizen v. Department of Justice, 491 U.S. 440, 109 S.Ct. 2558, 105 L.Ed.2d 377 (1989).

Industrial Union Department, AFL-CIO, v. A.P.I., 448 U.S. 607, 611-615 (Facts), 671-688 (Rehnquist, concurring in judgment), 100 S. Ct. 2844, 65 L.Ed.2d 1010 (1980).

Chevron U.S.A. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, 467 U.S. 837, 104 S. Ct. 2778, 81 L.Ed.2d 694 (1984).

Federal Election Commission v. NRA Political Victory Fund, 513 U.S. 88, 115 S.Ct. 537, 130 L.Ed.2d 439 (1994). Agency law: ratification.

Gonzales v. Oregon, 546 U.S. 243, 126 S.Ct. 904, 163 L.Ed.2d 748 (2006).

Separation of Powers: Appointment and Removal Power

Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52, 106-115 (Facts and decision of 1789), 163-178 (conclusion), 295 (Holmes's dissent), 47 S. Ct. 21, 71 L.Ed. 160 (1926).

Springer v. Philippine Islands, 277 U.S. 189, 201-203, 48 S. Ct. 480, 72 L. Ed. 845 (1928). Separation of Powers doctrine.

Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (Majority Opinion), 55 S.Ct. 869, 79 L.Ed. 1611 (1935).

Buckley v. Valeo, 424 U.S. 1, 109-143 (Part IV), 267-286 (Part II of White's opinion), 96 S.Ct. 612, 46 L.Ed.2d 659 (1976)

Field v. Clark, 143 U.S. 649, 12 S. Ct. 495; 36 L. Ed. 294 (1892).

INS v. Chadha, 462 U.S. 919, 923-929 (Intro, Part I Facts), 944-959 (Parts III-V), 967-1003 (White's dissent), 103 S.Ct. 2764, 77 L.Ed.2d 317 (1983).

Bowsher v. Synar, 478 U.S. 714, 717-734 (Parts I to V), 759-764 (White's dissent, Part I), 773, 106 S.Ct. 3181, 92 L.Ed.2d 583 (1986).

Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654, 659-669, 670-677, 686-697 (Parts I, III, V, VI), 697-699, 703-715 (Scalia's dissent, Intro & Part II), 108 S.Ct. 2597, 101 L.Ed.2d 569 (1988).

Mistretta v. United States, 488 U.S. 361, 362-412 (Majority opinion), 413-427 (Scalia's dissent), 109 S.Ct. 647, 102 L.Ed.2d 714 (1989).

Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority v. Citizens for the Abatement of Airport Noise, 501 U.S. 252, 255-261 (Into, Part I), 265-277 (Parts IV & V), 277-293 (White's dissent), 111 S.Ct. 2298, 115 L.Ed.2d 236 (1991).

Weiss v. United States, 510 U.S. 163, 114 S.Ct. 752, 127 L.Ed.2d 1 (1994).

Ryder v. United States, 515 U.S. 177, 115 S.Ct. 2031, 132 L.Ed.2d 136 (1995).

Edmond v. United States, 520 U.S. 651, 117 S.Ct. 1573, 137 L.Ed.2d 917 (1997).

Nguyen v. United States, 539 U.S. 69, 123 S.Ct. 2130, 156 L.Ed.2d 64 (2003).

Clinton v. City of New York, 524 U.S. 417, 420-428 (Intro, I & II, Facts), 436-449 (Parts IV-VI), 463-469 (Parts III & IV of Scalia's opinion), 473-496 (Parts III and IV of Breyer's dissent), (118 S.Ct. 2091, 141 L.Ed.2d 393 (1998).

See also the following extradition cases:

Artt, 158 F.3d 462 (9th Cir. 1998)(opinion subsequently withdrawn; see 183 F.3d 944);

Ntakiratima, 988 F.Supp. 1038 (S.D.Tex. 1997)(extradition to international tribunal, Rwandan accused of genocide);

Lopez-Smith, 951 F.Supp. 908 (D.Ariz. 1996)(extradition, Mexico), aff. 121 F.3d 1322 (9th Cir.1997);

LaDuca, 1996 U.S. App. LEXIS 28746 (2d Cir. 1996)(extradition, Italy);

Lehming, 951 F.Supp. 505 (D.Del. 1996)(extradition, Germany);

Lang, 905 F.Supp. 1385 (C.D.Cal. 1995)(extradition, Switzerland);

Lobue v. Christopher, 893 F.Supp. 65, vacated, 82 F.3d 1081 (D.C.Cir. 1995)(constitutionality of extradition statute);

Ward, 921 F.2d 286 (D.C.Cir. 1990)(extradition, United Kingdom).

Constitutional History Cases

Robert Lowrey Clinton, "The Supreme Court Before John Marshall" (The Supreme Court Historical Society).

Hayburn's Case, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 409, 1 L.Ed. 436 (1792). Judicial power; constitutionality of federal statute.

Georgia v. Brailsford, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 415, 1 L.Ed. 438 (1793).

Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 419, 1 L.Ed. 440 (1793). State sovereign immunity.

Georgia v. Brailsford, Powell & Hopton, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 1, 1 L.Ed. 483 (1794) (jury instructions).

Glass v. The Sloop Betsey, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 6, 1 L.Ed. 485 (1794).

VanHorne's Lessee v. Dorrance, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 304, 1 L.Ed. 391 (C.C.D.Pa. 1795) (jury instructions). Contract Clause, ex post fact; constitutionality of state statute.

Hylton v. United States, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 171, 1 L.Ed. 556 (1796). Direct taxes; constitutionality of federal tax on carriages.

Ware v. Hylton, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 199, 1 L.Ed. 568 (1796). Treaty trumps state law.

United States v. La Vengeance, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 297, 1 L.Ed. 610 (1796).

Hunter v. Fairfax's Devisee, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 305, 1 L.Ed. 613 (1796).

Clerke v. Harwood, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 342, 1 L.Ed. 628 (1797).

Hollingsworth v. Virginia, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 378, 1 L.Ed. 644 (1798). Eleventh Amendment removes jurisdiction.

Calder v. Bull, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 386, 1 L.Ed. 648 (1798). Ex post facto; constitutionality of state statute.

Talbot v. Seeman, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 1, 2 L.Ed. (1801).

Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cr.) 137, 153-180, 2 L.Ed. 60 (1803). Judicial review; constitutionality of federal statute.

Stuart v. Laird, 5 U.S. (1 Cr.) 299, 2 L.Ed. 115 (1803).

United States v. Peters, 9 U.S. (5 Cr.) 115, 3 L.Ed. 53 (1809).

Fletcher v. Peck, 10 U.S. (6 Cr.) 87, 3 L.Ed. 162 (1810).

United States v. Hudson and Goodwin, 11 U.S. (7 Cranch) 32, 3 L.Ed. 259 (1812).

Fairfax's Devisee v. Hunter's Lessee, 11 U.S. (7 Cr.) 603, 3 L.Ed. 453 (1813).

Terrett v. Taylor, 13 U.S. (9 Cranch) 43, 3 L.Ed. 650 (1815).

Martin v. Hunter's Lessee, 14 U.S. (1 Wheat.) 304, 4 L.Ed. 97 (1816). Judicial review of state courts.

Sturges v. Crowninshield, 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 122, 4 L.Ed. 529 (1819). Bankruptcy Clause and Contract Clause.

McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 316, 400-425 (First Part of Marshall's opinion), 4 L.Ed. 579 (1819). Implied powers.

Dartmouth College v. Woodward, 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 517, 624-654 (Marshall's opinion), 4 L.Ed. 629 (1819). Contract Clause.

Cohens v. Virginia, 19 U.S. (6 Wheat.) 264, 375-430 (Marshall's opinion), 5 L.Ed. 257 (1821). Judicial review of state courts.

Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. (9 Wheat.) 1, 186-222 (Marshall's opinion), 6 L.Ed. 23 (1824). Commerce Clause.

Osborn v. Bank of the United States, 22 U.S. (9 Wheat.) 738, 6 L. Ed. 204 (1824). Another attack on the Second Bank of the United States.

Ogden v. Saunders, 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) 213, 8 L.Ed. 606 (1827). Bankruptcy Clause and Commerce Clause.

Brown v. Maryland, 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) 419, 6 L.Ed. 678 (1827).

American Insurance Co. v. Canter, 26 U.S. (1 Pet.) 511, (1828). Constitutional and legislative courts; treaty power; Louisiana Purchase.

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 U.S. (5 Pet.) 1, 8 L.Ed. 25 (1831). First Cherokee Case.

Worcester v. Georgia, 31 U.S. (6 Pet.) 515, 8 L.Ed. 483 (1832). Second Cherokee Case.

Barron v. Baltimore, 32 (7 Pet.) 243, 8 L.Ed. 672 (1833). Applicability of Bill of Rights to states.

Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge, 36 U.S. 420, 9 L.Ed. 773 (1837). Contract Clause.

Mayor of New York v. Miln, 36 U.S. (11 Pet.) 102, 9 L.Ed. 648 (1837). Commerce clause.

Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 38 U.S. (13 Pet.) 519, 10 L.Ed. 274 (1839).

Swift v. Tyson, 41 U.S. (16 Pet.) 1, 10 L.Ed. 865 (1842). Federal common law.

Prigg v. Pennsylvania, 41 U.S. (16 Pet.) 539, 10 L.Ed. 1060 (1842). State slavery law.

The License Cases, 46 U.S. (5 How.) 504, 12 L.ed. 256 (1847).

Luther v. Borden, 48 U.S. 1, 12 L.Ed. 581 (1849). Political question; Guaranty Clause.

The Passenger Cases, 48 U.S. (7 How.) 283, 12 L.Ed. 702 (1849).

Cooley v. Board of Wardens, 53 U.S. (12 How.) 299, 13 L.Ed. 996 (1851). Commerce Clause.

Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393, 15 L.Ed. 691 (1856). Slavery; congressional power.

Ex parte Merryman, 17 F.Cases 144 (Cir.Ct.,D.Md. 1861)

Preciat et al v. United States (The Prize Cases), 67 U.S. 635, 636-639 (Facts), 665-671 (constitutional issue), 686-699 (Nelson's dissent, from the paragraph beginning, "We have been more particular upon this branch of the case than would seem to be required,"), 17 L.Ed. 459 (1863). War powers; executive powers.

Ex parte Milligan, 71 U.S. 2, 18 L.Ed. 281 (1866). War powers; habeas corpus.

Cummings v. Missouri, 71 U.S. 277, 18 L.Ed. 356 (1866).

Mississippi v. Johnson, 71 U.S. (4 Wall.) 475 (1867).

Ex parte McCardle, 74 U.S. (7 Wall.) 506, 512-515, 19 L.Ed. 264 (1868) (Findlaw version). Supreme Court appellate jurisdiction.

Ex parte Yerger, 75 U.S. 85, 19 L.Ed. 332 (1868). Supreme Court appellate jurisdiction.

Texas v. White, 74 U.S. 700, 19 L. Ed. 227 (1869).

Knox v. Lee, 79 U.S. (12 Wall.) 457, 20 L.Ed. 287 (1870). Legal Tender Cases.

U.S. v. Klein, 80 U.S. 128, 20 L.Ed. 519 (1871). Supreme Court appellate jurisdiction.

Slaughter-House Cases, 83 U.S. 36, 21 L.Ed. 394 (1872). Fourteenth Amendment.

Munn v. Illinois, 94 U.S. (4 Otto) 113, 24 L.Ed. 77 (1876). Fourteenth Amendment; Commerce Clause; police powers.

Hall v. DeCuir, 95 U.S. (5 Otto) 485, 24 L.Ed. 547 (1877). Racial segregation.

Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3, 3 S.Ct. 18, 27 L.Ed. 835 (1883). Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments.

Ex parte Crow Dog, 109 U.S. 556, 3 S.Ct. 396, 27 L.Ed. 1030 (1883). Constitutional status of American Indians.

Juilliard v. Greenman, 110 U.S. 421, 4 S.Ct. 122, 28 L.Ed. 204 (1884). Legal Tender Cases.

Elk v. Wilkins, 112 U.S. 94, 5 S.Ct. 41, 28 L.Ed. 643 (1884). Constitutional status of American Indians.

Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356, 8 S.Ct. 1064, 30 L.Ed. 220 (1886). Aliens' rights.

United States v. Kagama, 118 U.S. 375, 8 S.Ct. 1109, 30 L.Ed. 228 (1886). Constitutional status of American Indians.

Chinese Exclusion Cases, 130 U.S. 581, 9 S.Ct. 623, 32 L.Ed. 1068 (1889). Aliens' rights.

Louisville, New Orleans & Texas Ry.Co. v. Mississippi, 133 U.S. 587, 10 S.Ct. 348, 33 L.Ed. 784 (1890). Racial segregation.

Fong Yue Ting v. United States, 149 U.S. 698, 13 S.Ct. 1016, 37 L.Ed. 905 (1893). Aliens' rights.

E.C. Knight Co. v. United States, 156 U.S. 1, 15 S.Ct. 249, 39 L.Ed. 325 (1895). Commerce Clause.

Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537, 16 S.Ct. 1138, 41 L.Ed. 256 (1896). Racial segregation.

Stephens v. Cherokee Nation, 174 U.S. 445, 19 S.Ct. 722, 43 L.Ed. 1041 (1899). American Indians.

DeLima v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 1, -- S.Ct. ---, -- L.Ed. --- (1901). Insular cases.

Dooley v. United States, 182 U.S. 222, -- S.Ct. ---, -- L.Ed. --- (1901). Insular cases.

Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244, -- S.Ct. ---, -- L.Ed. --- (1901). Insular cases.

Dooley v. United States, 183 U.S. 151, -- S.Ct. ---, -- L.Ed. --- (1901). Insular cases.

Fourteen Diamond Rings v. United States, 183 U.S. 176, -- S.Ct. ---, -- L.Ed. --- (1901). Insular cases.

Cherokee Nation v. Hitchcock, 187 U.S. 294, 23 S.Ct. 115, 47 L.Ed. 183 (1902). American Indians.

Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, 187 U.S. 553, 23 S.Ct. 216, 47 L.Ed. 299 (1903). American Indians.

Hawaii v. Mankichi, 190 U.S. 197, -- S.Ct. ---, -- L.Ed. --- (1903). Insular cases.

Dorr v. United States, 195 U.S. 138, -- S.Ct. ---, -- L.Ed. --- (1904). Insular cases.

Berea College v. Kentucky, 211 U.S. 45, 29 S.Ct. 33, 53 L.Ed. 81 (1908). Racial segregation.

Dowdell v. United States, 221 U.S. 325 (1911). Insular cases.

Gitlow or Incorporation Doctrine Cases

Barron v. Baltimore, 32 (7 Pet.) 243, 8 L.Ed. 672 (1833).

Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3, 3 S.Ct. 18, 27 L.Ed. 835 (1883). Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments.

Gitlow v. People of New York, 268 U.S. 652, 45 S. Ct. 625, 69 L. Ed. 1138 (1925).

Whitney v. California, 274 U.S. 357, 47 S. Ct. 641, 71 L. Ed. 1095 (1927).

Fiske v. Kansas, 274 U.S. 380, 47 S.Ct. 655, 71 L.Ed. 1108 (1927).

Stromberg v. California, 283 U.S. 359, 51 S. Ct. 532, 75 L. Ed. 1117 (1931).

Near v. Minnesota, 283 U.S. 697, 51 S. Ct. 625, 75 L. Ed. 1357 (1931).

Palko v. State of Connecticut, 302 U.S. 319, 58 S.Ct. 149, 82 L.Ed. 288 (1937). Articulating the Incorporation Doctrine: the rights “implicit in the concept of ordered liberty.”

Adamson v. California, 332 U.S. 46, 51-53, 67 S.Ct. 1672, 91 L.Ed. 1903 (1947).

International Law Cases

  1. Trendtex Trading v. National Bank of Nigeria, (Q.B., 1977).
  2. Asakura v. City of Seattle, 205 U.S. 332 (1924)
  3. Medellin v. Texas, 128 S.Ct. 1346, 170 L.Ed.2d 190 (2008).
  4. United Kingdom v. Norway, (ICJ, 1951), pages 124 (facts) and 126 to the end for the court's opinion on the merits.
  5. United Kingdom v. Iceland, (ICJ, 1973). ICJ jurisdiction. Short opinion.

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Willi Boskovsky 1974 New Year's Cocert

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